The city is located on Mombasa Island, which extends to the mainland. It is surrounded by two creeks, the Port Reitz and the Kilindini Harbour, which separate it from mainland Kenya. It can be reached by Nyali Bridge to the north, the Likoni Ferry to the south, and the Makupa Causeway to the west.
The people of Mombasa are a diverse concoction of craftsmen, skilled workers, professionals, traders and immigrants from various countries. The main occupants are mostly Swahili and Muslim Mijikenda people.
Being the second largest city of Kenya, Mombasa houses many of the country's modern institutions and facilities, and often visited by tourists. The coastal scene makes for a laid back lifestyle for the locals, and beach bumming is a popular activity.